Bhutan has a population of about 650000 made up of four main ethnic groups. Tibeto-Mongoloids called the ‘Ngalowongs’ are dominant in the north western region. ‘Sharchops’ of indo Burmese descent belong to the east, ‘Khengpas’ in the central districts and ‘Lhotshampas’ of ‘Nepali’ origin are settled in the south. 

They are distinguished primarily on linguistic lines. While these groups form the bulk of Bhutan’s population small isolated pockets of indigenous tribes like the reclusive Doyas in the deep south, the shy nomadic Layaps in the far north and the enterprising Brokpas in the eastern frontier bordering the state of Arunachual Pradesh add an interestingly unique and distinctly colorful tone to the demographic Diaspora of Bhutan. While the dominant communities are groups have been cultivators the ‘Layaps’ and ‘Brokpas’ are Yak herders, the ‘Doyas’ the most primitive among all the inhabitants of Bhutan are actually hunter gatherers who are presumed to be tree dwellers before they learned to build, make shift shelters as recently as just a century ago. 

Assiduously law abiding and deeply religious the peace loving people of Bhutan are devout Buddhists who conduct themselves in strict adherence to cardinal teachings of the Buddha like non violence, compassion for all sentient beings and the pursuit of the truth. Famed for their hospitality and admired for their sincerity and honesty. The people of Bhutan are also noted to be humble, humane, generous, just and fair. Apart from the qualities mentioned above they have acquired a worldwide reputation as extremely tourist friendly on account of being endowed with inherent traits like a benign countenance complacent disposition pleasing attitude and an innate ability to build an instant rappo with visitors. No wonder then that most visitors carried away by their overwhelming charms and find them so utterly endearing.